Remember when Achan (means “trouble maker”) brought sin into the camp when he stole the gold and Babylonian garment, and other items from Jericho? God specifically told them that they were not to take any spoils. The following is how the priests would go about hearing from the Lord to find the truth of the matter.
Urim and Thummim:
“Urim” means lights, fire, flame.
“Thummim” means perfectness, completeness or uprightness.
Urim 7 times and Thummim 5 times = 12 times 12 for the 12 tribes of Israel!
- Exod 28:30.11 urim
- Lev 8:8.15 urim
- Num 27:21.19 urim
- Deut 33:8.11 urim
- 1Sam 28:6.18 urim
- Ezra 2:63.24 urim
- Neh 7:65.24 urim
- Exod 28:30.14 thummim
- Lev 8:8.18 thummim
- Deut 33:8.8 thummim
- Ezra 2:63.27 thummim
- Neh 7:65.26 thummim
Breastplate: 12 stones for the 12 tribes of Israel
There was a pocket on the breastplate of judgment which held the urim and thummim.
Urim means lights, fire, flame.
Thummim means perfectness, completeness or uprightness
light and perfections; light and truth; manisfestation and truth;
a/k/a sacred lots.
Urim and thummim were 2 stones on one side was “yes” and the other side was “no”. When they both came up “yes” then God was saying “yes,” when they both came up “no” then God was saying “no,” when one came up “no” and one “yes,” then God wasn’t saying anything.
Casting of lots = urim and thummim
Breastplate of the High Priest
FOUR ROWS OF STONES
1st Row – 1st – 3rd born
sardius – Reuben – blood red stone
topaz – Simeon – green and yellow
carbuncle – Levi – deep scarlet
2nd Row – 4th – 6th born
emerald – Judah – green
sapphire – Dan – clear blue
diamond – Napthali – clear
3rd Row – 7th – 9th born
liager – Gad – dull red or cinammon color
agate – Asher – mixture of white red yellow and green – the cheapest of all the stones on the breastplate
amethyst – Isachur – deep red and blue = makes the stone appear purple
4th Row – 10th – 12th born
beryl – Zebulyn – blue green
onyx – Joseph – many layers of many different colors
jasper – Benjamin – bright green spotted with red and yellow
Attached to the breastplate was a small pocket of which carried two stones of urim and thummim.
Proverbs 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap but the whole disposing of is of the Lord.
Reference to Urim and Thummim:
Proverbs 18:18 The lot causeth contentions to cease and parteth between the mighty.
The word lots means the word stone = reference to urim and thummim.
The Materials in the Temple
The materials in the temple and even the colors used typified the Lord Jesus Christ.
The following is a list of the items and what each represents:
Blue Heavenly nature
Wood (acacia) Humanity of Christ
Fine linen Righteousness
Oil Holy Spirit
Rams’ skins Atonement
Goats hair Atonement
Badgers’ skins Humanity or outward
appearance of Christ